As shown in the photo, the next step was to begin actually ‘lasting up’, which is process of tacking the upper, lining and stiffener onto the insole and last. To start this, a few tacks were nailed at the heel of the shoe, not in correct position but at a good placing point on the heel so that it would hold in place for the moment but could later be moved. The focus then went to the front of the shoe, as I started tacking it. Beginning in the middle, tacks were alternately nailed in, making large pleats either side of the central point. To make sure that there were no lumps of leather, the lining and upper were pulled separately and held in place before being tacked in, and that is something that is consistently done throughout the whole lasting process.